Sterculia appendiculata K. Schum.

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Sterculia appendiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Gardens, Harare

Sterculia appendiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Gardens, Harare

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Common names: Tall sterculia (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Tall, deciduous tree to 40 m, often with a long tall unbranched trunk, the branching only above. Bark smooth, pale grey to yellowish grey; young branchlets with dense woolly, rusty-yellow hairs. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, 3-7-lobed, maple-like. Flowers in hairy, few-flowered sprays, greenish to yellowish-brown, appearing before the leaves. Fruit splitting into 2-3 carpels, covered in rusty brown hairs; seeds brown with a yellow basal aril.
Notes: This is a very rare tree in Zimbabwe. Although not listed in the Red Data List of Zimbabwe Plants (Mapaura & Timberlake in SABONET no. 14, 2002), it may well be nearly extinct in this country.
Derivation of specific name: appendiculata: with an appendage
Habitat: In riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Mar - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 594. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 715.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 112.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 561 - 562. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1960-1). Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 554 - 555. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sterculia appendiculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sterculia appendiculata
Flora of Mozambique: Sterculia appendiculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sterculia appendiculata
African Plant Database: Sterculia appendiculata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sterculia appendiculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sterculia appendiculata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sterculia appendiculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sterculia appendiculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sterculia appendiculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Sterculia appendiculata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sterculia appendiculata
Plants of the World Online: Sterculia appendiculata
Tropicos: Sterculia appendiculata
Wikipedia: Sterculia appendiculata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sterculia appendiculata., retrieved 15 April 2024

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