Monotes engleri Gilg

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Monotes engleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley Circular Drive near Vumba Junction

Monotes engleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Monotes engleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Monotes engleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Monotes caloneurus Gilg.
Monotes dawei H.H.Bancr.
Monotes elegans Gilg.
Monotes hypoleucus sensu Eyles
Monotes hypoleucus var. caloneurus (Gilg) Meerts
Monotes schmitzii P.A.Duvign
Monotes tomentellus Hutch.
Common names: Inyunya (Ndebele) Muaraara (Shona) Mubaravashava (Shona) Munhete (Shona) Munyunya (Shona) Murasha (Shona) Mushava (Shona) Muwara (Shona) Pink-fruited monotes (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Small to medium sized tree. The leaves are distinctly bicoloured, dark green above and silvery-grey beneath. Flowers in short axillary heads, yellowish; stamens and anthers forming a triangular appendage. Fruit winged by the enlarged calyx lobes, pink to red when young, drying to pale brown.
Notes: The leaves resemble those of Parinari curatellifolia but differ in the presence of the extra-floral nectary at the base of the lamina.
Derivation of specific name: engleri: named after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who initiated extensive botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: In sandy open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1580 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar (May)
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 8 September 2006

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 621. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 162 - 164. Monotes tomentellus (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 8.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Duvigneaud, P. (1960-1). Dipterocarpaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 418 - 420. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Other sources of information about Monotes engleri:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Monotes engleri
Flora of Mozambique: Monotes engleri
Flora of Zambia: Monotes engleri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monotes engleri
African Plant Database: Monotes engleri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monotes engleri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monotes engleri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monotes engleri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monotes engleri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monotes engleri
JSTOR Plant Science: Monotes engleri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monotes engleri
Plants of the World Online: Monotes engleri
Tropicos: Monotes engleri
Wikipedia: Monotes engleri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Monotes engleri., retrieved 25 May 2024

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