Xylotheca tettensis (Klotzsch) Gilg
var. macrophylla (Klotzsch) Wild

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Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla

Photo: Ian Riddell
Dande, Guruve

Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla

Photo: Ian Riddell
Dande, Guruve

Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla

Photo: Ian Riddell
Dande, Guruve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Oncoba macrophylla (Klotzsch) Warb.
Oncoba tettensis Klotzsch var. macrophylla (Klotzsch) Hul & Breteler
Xylotheca macrophylla (Klotzsch) Sleumer
Common names: Northern african dog-rose (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves spirally arranged or clustered on dwarf spur-branchlets, obovate to broadly oblong, up to 10 cm, both surfaces with our without fine hairs; base almost square to slightly lobed; margin entire, wavy. Flowers axillary, solitary or in few-flowered clusters, large, 5-10 cm in diameter, white with a mass of yellow stamens. Fruit an ovoid, woody capsule, 3-4 cm in diameter, splitting into 8 valves, revealing numerous brown seeds in a golden to red pulp.
Derivation of specific name: tettensis: of Tete in Mozambique, macrophylla: large-leaved
Habitat: In open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 500 m
Flowering time:Aug - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea oncaea (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 7 November 2023

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 633. As Xylotheca tettensis (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 261.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53. Under Flacourtiaceae

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 273 - 275. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla
Flora of Mozambique: Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylotheca tettensis
African Plant Database: Xylotheca tettensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylotheca tettensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylotheca tettensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylotheca tettensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Xylotheca tettensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylotheca tettensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylotheca tettensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylotheca tettensis
Plants of the World Online: Xylotheca tettensis
Tropicos: Xylotheca tettensis
Wikipedia: Xylotheca tettensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylotheca tettensis var. macrophylla.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140670, retrieved 30 May 2024

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