Struthiola montana B. Peterson

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Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Sparsely branched, small shrub, up to 1 m. Leaves small, scale-like, 2-3 mm wide, glabrous. Flowers golden yellow. It is distinguished from S. rhodesiana by its more erect shrub-like habit, the slightly wider leaves, and the larger, golden-yellow flowers.
Notes: Known only from one collection: Chimanimani, close to summit of Mawenje (Turret Towers), c. 2350 m, flowering & fruiting, 25.x.1959, Goodier & Phipps 269 (GB; LD; SRGH).
Derivation of specific name: montana: of mountainous areas (montane)
Habitat: Confined to the high quartzite ridges of montane grassland in the Chimanimani Mts.
Altitude range: (metres) 2350 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 20 July 2006

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53. Struthiola parviflora probably refers to this

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 95.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 177.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 148.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

Peterson, B. (updated by Verdcourt, B.) (2006). Thymelaeaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Page 115.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 144. Protologue

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 100.

Other sources of information about Struthiola montana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Struthiola montana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Struthiola montana
African Plant Database: Struthiola montana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Struthiola montana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Struthiola montana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Struthiola montana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Struthiola montana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Struthiola montana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Struthiola montana
iNaturalist: Struthiola montana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Struthiola montana
JSTOR Plant Science: Struthiola montana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Struthiola montana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Struthiola montana
Plants of the World Online: Struthiola montana
Tropicos: Struthiola montana
Wikipedia: Struthiola montana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Struthiola montana., retrieved 1 February 2023

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