Terminalia prunioides M.A. Lawson

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Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Terminalia prunioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Ivikane (Ndebele) Muchanana (Shona) Purple-pod cluster-leaf (English) Purple-pod terminalia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed with long drooping branches. Bark, grey to brownish, rough and fibrous; single or paired spines sometimes present at the base of small spur-branchlets. Leaves in clusters on short spur-branchlets, obovate-elliptic, 2-7 cm long, dark green above, paler below, softly hairy when young, later almost hairless; base decurrent along the short petiole; margin entire, fringed with hairs. Flowers in clustered spikes on the spur-branchlets, white to creamy-yellow, unpleasantly scented. Fruit broadly winged 4-6 × 2-3 cm, bright plum-coloured to purple-red.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: prunioides: like a Prunus, referring to the bright plum-coloured fruits.
Habitat: In hot, low-altitude open woodland and rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 690. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 144 - 146. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 496 - 497. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 168 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 62 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.


Other sources of information about Terminalia prunioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Caprivi: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia prunioides
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia prunioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia prunioides
African Plant Database: Terminalia prunioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Terminalia prunioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia prunioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia prunioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia prunioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia prunioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia prunioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia prunioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia prunioides
Ispot Southern Africa: Terminalia prunioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia prunioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia prunioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia prunioides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Terminalia prunioides
Tropicos: Terminalia prunioides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia prunioides.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142180, retrieved 26 June 2019

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