Terminalia randii Baker f.

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Terminalia randii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Camp site, Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Terminalia randii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Camp site, Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Terminalia randii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Camp site, Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Terminalia randii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Camp site, Robins Camp, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Terminalia spinosa sensu Eyles
Common names: Ivikane-elincinyane (Ndebele) Kasansa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Musosahwai (Shona) Small-leaved terminalia (English) Spiny cluster-leaf (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small semi-deciduous tree. Bark dark brownish-grey, longitudinally cracked and fissured. Leaves clustered on small lateral spur-branchlets, occasionally with 1-5 spines below the leaf clusters. Leave narrowly obovate, only 1-2.5 cm long, pale green to bluish-green, hairless when mature; margin entire; petiole 2-5 mm long. Flowers small, white to cream, sometimes tinged pink, in short almost rounded spikes,up to 3cm long, among the leaf clusters. Fruit elliptic-oblong, up to 2.5 × 1.2 cm, purplish when young, drying to pale straw-brown; wing conspicuously notched at the apex.
Notes: Note: the leaf clusters are typically all situated along the top side of the horizontal branches only. The leaves turn plum-coloured in autumn.
Derivation of specific name: randii: named after Dr R.F. Rand (1856-1937), English Medical doctor and early plant collector in Zimbabwe.
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland, often on almost bare rocky ground and rocky hill sides.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 169 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.


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Other sources of information about Terminalia randii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia randii
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia randii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia randii
African Plant Database: Terminalia randii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Terminalia randii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia randii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia randii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia randii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia randii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia randii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia randii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia randii
Ispot Southern Africa: Terminalia randii
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia randii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia randii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia randii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Terminalia randii
Tropicos: Terminalia randii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia randii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142190, retrieved 23 February 2018

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