Terminalia sambesiaca Engl. & Diels

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Terminalia sambesiaca

Photo: Patricia Bingham

Terminalia sambesiaca

Photo: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Terminalia obovata Sim
Common names: River cluster-leaf (English) River terminalia (English)
Status: Native
Small to large tree. Leaves crowded at the ends of branches, elliptic to broadly obovate, usually c. 7 cm, occasionally much larger, green, thinly textured, 8-9 pairs of lateral veins with soft hairs; margin entire or sometimes obscurely scalloped. Flowers in axillary spikes, creamy-white, sometimes tinged pinkish, with an unpleasant smell. Fruit elliptic, winged, 4-9 cm, green flushed with pink.
Derivation of specific name: sambesiaca: of the Zambezi region
Habitat: In riverine fringes and on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 13 March 2007

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 690. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 179 - 180.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Other sources of information about Terminalia sambesiaca:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Terminalia sambesiaca
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia sambesiaca
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia sambesiaca

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia sambesiaca
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia sambesiaca
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia sambesiaca
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia sambesiaca
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Terminalia sambesiaca
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia sambesiaca
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia sambesiaca
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia sambesiaca
Plants of the World Online: Terminalia sambesiaca
Tropicos: Terminalia sambesiaca
Wikipedia: Terminalia sambesiaca

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia sambesiaca.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142200, retrieved 15 April 2024

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