Terminalia trichopoda Diels

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Terminalia trichopoda

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Common names: Hybrid terminalia (English) Tawny cluster-leaf (English)
Status: Native
Small tree. Bark grey, roughish and fissured; branchlets flaking, revealing paler underbark. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, more or less narrowly obovate, 10-15 cm long, leathery, hairless above, usually covered with coarse brownish hairs below; margin entire; petiole short and thick. Flowers in dense axillary spikes, white, cream or pale yellow, strongly but unpleasantly scented. Fruits in heavy pendent clusters, 2-winged, up to 7.5 × 4.5 cm, dull pink when ripe, drying pale brown.
Notes: Note: this species is very similar to T. sericea and is known to hybridize readily with that species. It generally has larger, broader leaves with more prominent lateral veins; larger fruits and hairs that are more tawny-brown in colour.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in woodland and near the edges of vleis
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Apr
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 27 June 2009

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 155 - 157. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 501. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 264.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 173 - 174.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 70. doubtful in the list

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

Other sources of information about Terminalia trichopoda:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia trichopoda
Flora of Caprivi: Terminalia trichopoda
Flora of Malawi: Terminalia trichopoda
Flora of Mozambique: Terminalia trichopoda
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia trichopoda

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia trichopoda
African Plant Database: Terminalia trichopoda
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Terminalia trichopoda
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia trichopoda
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia trichopoda
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia trichopoda
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia trichopoda
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia trichopoda
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia trichopoda
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia trichopoda
Ispot Southern Africa: Terminalia trichopoda
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia trichopoda
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia trichopoda
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia trichopoda
The Plant List (version 1.1): Terminalia trichopoda
Tropicos: Terminalia trichopoda

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Terminalia trichopoda.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142250, retrieved 17 March 2018

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