Eugenia uniflora L.

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Eugenia uniflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Drive, Umwinsidale, Harare

Eugenia uniflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Eugenia uniflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Common names: Brazilian cherry (English) Pitanga (English) Surinam cherry (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Cultivated
Evergreen shrub or small tree.
Notes: It is grown as a garden ornamental, as a hedge and for its edible fruits. It is known as an occasional naturalised escape, but is not invasive in Zimbabwe but may become so if not controlled. In parts of South Africa, it is a declared weed, invading edges of forest, riverbanks and open spaces in urban areas.
It is not at all clear whether the records for this species in FZ are of cultivated plants or naturalised escapes. For the time being we have taken the species as cultivated only in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia and both cultivated and escaping in Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: uniflora: one-flowered
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical America (Brazil)
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

White, F. (1978). Myrtaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 192.

Other sources of information about Eugenia uniflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: cultivated Eugenia uniflora
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Eugenia uniflora
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Eugenia uniflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Eugenia uniflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eugenia uniflora
African Plant Database: Eugenia uniflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eugenia uniflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eugenia uniflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eugenia uniflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eugenia uniflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eugenia uniflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eugenia uniflora
iNaturalist: Eugenia uniflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eugenia uniflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Eugenia uniflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eugenia uniflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eugenia uniflora
Plants of the World Online: Eugenia uniflora
Tropicos: Eugenia uniflora
Wikipedia: Eugenia uniflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eugenia uniflora., retrieved 26 March 2023

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