Dissotis swynnertonii (Baker f.) A. Fern. & R. Fern.

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Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

Dissotis swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani National Park, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Osbeckia swynnertonii Baker f.
Pseudosbeckia swynnertonii (Baker f.) A. & R. Fern.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub up to c. 2 m high. Young branches 4-angled, more or less densely set with whitish-yellow bristly hairs. Leaves opposite often mostly towards the ends of branches, elliptic, oblong-ovate to ovate, up to c. 5 × 2.5 cm, 3-5-veined from the base, somewhat stiff, discolorous, dark green and with appressed bristly hairs above, much paler yellowish-green beneath and bristly particularly on the midrib and veins; margin subentire to finely scalloped; petiole 4-8 mm long, bristly. Flowers terminal, solitary or in few-flowered heads; pedicels and calyx bristly. Petals up to 3 × 2.7 cm, violet-purple, ciliate at the margin. stamens all similar, golden yellow. Capsule spherical, with stiff appressed hairs on the upper part.
Notes: Although the species is nowadays considered as part of Dissotis again, it is clearly distinguished from other Dissotis spp. by the uniform stamens.
Derivation of specific name: swynnertonii: named after Charles Francis Massey Swynnerton (1877-1938), well-known naturalist, who first recorded and collected many species of flora and fauna in and around the Chirinda Forest
Habitat: On rocky slopes, in Brachystegia woodland and along streams and rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Restricted to the Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 3 September 2011
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 707. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Melastomataceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 234 - 235. As Pseudosbeckia swynnertonii (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Pages 144 - 145. as Pseudosbeckia swynnertonii

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.


Other sources of information about Dissotis swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Dissotis swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dissotis swynnertonii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dissotis swynnertonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dissotis swynnertonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dissotis swynnertonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dissotis swynnertonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dissotis swynnertonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dissotis swynnertonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dissotis swynnertonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dissotis swynnertonii
Ispot Southern Africa: Dissotis swynnertonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Dissotis swynnertonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dissotis swynnertonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dissotis swynnertonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Dissotis swynnertonii
Tropicos: Dissotis swynnertonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dissotis swynnertonii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142600, retrieved 18 April 2019

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