Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link

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Torilis arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fairhaven Rd, Nyanga

Torilis arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fairhaven Rd, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Caucalis arvensis Huds.
Torilis africana (Thunb.) Spreng.
Common names: Spreading hedge-parsley (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Probably native
Erect annual, up to 1 m but usually much smaller. Stem terete, glabrous, finely grooved. Leaves variable, from 3-foliolate to 2-pinnate and fern-like, covered with appressed bristly white hairs; margin variously dentate or subentire. Inflorescences terminal and lateral compound umbels. Ultimate umbels few-flowered. Flowers white. Fruit 3-5 mm, ovoid with long spiny hairs, blackish green when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: arvensis: of cultivated fields
Habitat: A weed of disturbed areas and gardens.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Europe, the Mediterranean region, extending south through tropical Africa to the Cape; also occurring in other tropical areas and as a weed elsewhere.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 August 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 67. (Includes a picture).

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Apiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 571 - 572. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 18.

Other sources of information about Torilis arvensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Torilis arvensis
Flora of Malawi: Torilis arvensis
Flora of Mozambique: Torilis arvensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Torilis arvensis
African Plant Database: Torilis arvensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Torilis arvensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Torilis arvensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Torilis arvensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Torilis arvensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Torilis arvensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Torilis arvensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Torilis arvensis
Plants of the World Online: Torilis arvensis
Tropicos: Torilis arvensis
Wikipedia: Torilis arvensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Torilis arvensis., retrieved 26 May 2024

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