Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Apiales

Apiaceae - Carrot family


Cannon, J.F.M. (1978) Apiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Description of the family

Herbs, rarely shrubs or small trees (Heteromorpha and Steganotaenia). Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, usually compound, occasionally simple.

Flowers arranged in simple or more usually compound umbels, rarely whorled or capitate. In compound umbels, the scales at the base of the primary branches (rays) are called bracts while those at the base of the branches of the secondary (or partial) umbels (referred to as pedicels) are called bracteoles.

Petals 5, usually white, but sometimes yellowish, greenish, pinkish or rarely blue. Stamens 5. Styles 2, usually divergent, usually with a well-developed stylopodium. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Fruit dry, consisting of two indehiscent carpels separated by a commissure; carpels adnate or suspended from an axis (carpophore) usually separating when ripe, usually prominently 5- or 9-ribbed.

Worldwide: 446 genera and 3,540 species, cosmopolitan, but occurring particularly in northern temperate areas and on mountains in the tropics.

Zimbabwe: 21 genera and 44 taxa.

Diplolophium buchananii subsp. swynnertonii

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Afrocarum RauschertDescription, Image
Afroligusticum C. NormanDescription, Image
Afrosciadium P.J.D. Winter
Agrocharis Hochst.Description
Alepidea F. DelarocheDescription, Image
Apium L.Description, Image
Berula Besser & W.D.J. KochDescription
Centella L.Description, Image
Conium L.Description
Coriandrum L.Description
Deverra DC.Description
Diplolophium Turcz.Description, Image
Foeniculum Mill.Description, Image
Heteromorpha Cham. & Schltdl.Description, Image
Hydrocotyle L.Description, Image
Lefebvrea A.Rich.Description
Pimpinella L.Description, Image
Sanicula L.Description, Image
Sium L.Description, Image
Steganotaenia Hochst.Description, Image
Torilis Adans.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Apiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Apiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Apiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Apiaceae
Flora of Malawi: Apiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Apiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Apiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Apiaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Apiaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Apiaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Apiaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Apiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Apiaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Apiaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Apiaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Apiaceae
Wikipedia: Apiaceae
Plants of the World Online: Apiaceae
Tropicos: Apiaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Apiaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=14, retrieved 9 December 2023

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