Erica hexandra (S. Moore) E.G.H. Oliv.

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Erica hexandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Erica hexandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

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Synonyms: Philippia benguelensis (Welw. ex Engl.) Britten var. intermedia Weimarck
Philippia hexandra S. Moore
Philippia norlindhii Weim.
Common names: Petrol bush (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves in whorls of 4, appressed to spreading, linear to ovate, 1-2.5 mm long, hairless or pubescent and glandular teeth on the margin. Flowers in terminal 4-16-flowered clusters. Style 0.5 mm long; stamens usually 6, more or less equaling the corolla, anthers remaining fused. The flowers produce dust-like clouds of pollen when shaken.
Derivation of specific name: hexandra: with 6 stamens.
Habitat: In rocky mountainous terrain, montane grassland and on the forest edge, often forming dense thickets among rocks and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2600 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 12 October 2005

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 727. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 863.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265. as Philippia hexandra and norlindhii

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 61. as Philippia hexandra

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 47.

Ross, R. (1983). Ericaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 180 - 181. as Philippia hexandra

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 68 - 69. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.

Other sources of information about Erica hexandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erica hexandra
Flora of Zambia: Erica hexandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erica hexandra
African Plant Database: Erica hexandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erica hexandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erica hexandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erica hexandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erica hexandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erica hexandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erica hexandra
iNaturalist: Erica hexandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erica hexandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Erica hexandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erica hexandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erica hexandra
Plants of the World Online: Erica hexandra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erica hexandra
Tropicos: Erica hexandra
Wikipedia: Erica hexandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erica hexandra., retrieved 17 November 2019

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