Erica hexandra (S. Moore) E.G.H. Oliv.

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Erica hexandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Erica hexandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

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Synonyms: Philippia benguelensis (Welw. ex Engl.) Britten var. intermedia Weimarck
Philippia hexandra S. Moore
Philippia norlindhii Weim.
Common names: Petrol bush (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves in whorls of 4, appressed to spreading, linear to ovate, 1-2.5 mm long, hairless or pubescent and glandular teeth on the margin. Flowers in terminal 4-16-flowered clusters. Style 0.5 mm long; stamens usually 6, more or less equaling the corolla, anthers remaining fused. The flowers produce dust-like clouds of pollen when shaken.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: hexandra: with 6 stamens.
Habitat: In rocky mountainous terrain, montane grassland and on the forest edge, often forming dense thickets among rocks and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2600 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 12 October 2005
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 727. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 863.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265. as Philippia hexandra and norlindhii

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 61. as Philippia hexandra

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 47.

Ross, R. (1983). Ericaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 180 - 181. as Philippia hexandra

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 68 - 69. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 91.


Other sources of information about Erica hexandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Erica hexandra
Flora of Zambia: Erica hexandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erica hexandra
African Plant Database: Erica hexandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erica hexandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erica hexandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erica hexandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erica hexandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erica hexandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erica hexandra
iNaturalist: Erica hexandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erica hexandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Erica hexandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erica hexandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erica hexandra
Plants of the World Online: Erica hexandra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erica hexandra
Tropicos: Erica hexandra
Wikipedia: Erica hexandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erica hexandra.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143420, retrieved 7 June 2020

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