Rapanea melanophloeos (L.) Mez

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Rapanea melanophloeos

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

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Synonyms: Myrsine melanophloeos (L.) R. Br.
Myrsine neurophylla Gilg
Myrsine rhodondendroides Gilg
Myrsine runssorica Gilg
Rapanea neurophylla (Gilg) Mez
Rapanea pellucido-striata Gilg & Schellenb.
Rapanea pulchra Gilg & Schellenb.
Rapanea rhodondendroides (Gilg) mez
Rapanea runssorica (Gilg) Mez
Rapanea schliebenii Mildbr.
Rapanea ulugurensis Mez
Rapanea umbratilis S. Moore
Rapanea usambarensis Gilg & Schellenb.
Sideroxylon melanophloeos L.
Common names: Cape beech (English) Mudonera (Shona) Mudongera (Shona) Mufuro (Shona) Mukwiramakoko (Shona) Murwiti (Shona) Mutomo (Shona)
Status: Native
Small to large evergreen tree with a straight stem, sometimes fluted at the base in large specimens. Leaves are crowded near the end of branches, elliptic to oblanceolate up to 15 cm long, leathery, hairless, with translucent dots and streaks; margin entire; petiole 5-10 mm long, typically pink to red, turning purple-brown in older leaves. Flowers are borne in small inconspicuous clusters, axillary along the branches, greenish-yellow. Fruit a globose, 1-seeded drupe, 3-5 mm in diameter, purple, borne on the previous year's wood.
Derivation of specific name: melanophloeos: with black bark
Habitat: A species of montane evergreen and riverine forests, sometimes on more exposed rocky cliffs in high rainfall areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jun - Aug (often later)
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and southern Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 216. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 869. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 265.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Myrsinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 204 - 206. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 81.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 500 - 501. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 126.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 407 - 408. (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Malawi: Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora of Mozambique: Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora of Zambia: Rapanea melanophloeos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rapanea melanophloeos
African Plant Database: Rapanea melanophloeos
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rapanea melanophloeos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rapanea melanophloeos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rapanea melanophloeos
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rapanea melanophloeos
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rapanea melanophloeos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rapanea melanophloeos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rapanea melanophloeos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rapanea melanophloeos
Ispot Southern Africa: Rapanea melanophloeos
JSTOR Plant Science: Rapanea melanophloeos
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rapanea melanophloeos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rapanea melanophloeos
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rapanea melanophloeos
Tropicos: Rapanea melanophloeos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rapanea melanophloeos.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143560, retrieved 18 February 2018

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