Chrysophyllum viridifolium J.M. Wood & Franks

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Synonyms: Donella viridifolia (J.M. Wood & Franks) Aubrév. & Pellegr.
Common names: Fluted milkwood (English)
Status: Native
Evergreen tree. Stem often fluted at the base; bark mottled pale grey, fairly smooth, branches held in the horizontal plane, somewhat zigzag; young branches with reddish short hairs. Leaves oblong to narrowly ovate-oblong, up 4-9.5 × 1.5-5 cm., contracted at the apex to a blunt tip, glossy dark green above, hairless with the midrib indented, paler green below, with fine rusty hairs, particularly on the midrib; lateral veining fine but distinct, forming a sub-marginal vein; margin entire, wavy. Flowers in axillary clusters; white. Fruit subspherical, up to 3.5 cm in diameter, slightly 3-5-ribbed, yellow and when ripe, edible.
Derivation of specific name: viridifolium: green-leaved
Habitat: Occurring in evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species: Pseudarcraea boisduvalii trimenii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 736. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266.

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 212.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.

Other sources of information about Chrysophyllum viridifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Chrysophyllum viridifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Ispot Southern Africa: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysophyllum viridifolium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Chrysophyllum viridifolium
Tropicos: Chrysophyllum viridifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chrysophyllum viridifolium., retrieved 24 April 2019

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