Salvadora australis Schweick.

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Salvadora australis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Save-Runde confluence area, Gonarezhou National Park

Salvadora australis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Save-Runde confluence area, Gonarezhou National Park

Salvadora australis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Save-Runde confluence area, Gonarezhou National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Salvadora angustifolia Turrill var. australis (Schweick.) I. Verd.
Common names: Narrow-leaved mustard tree (English)
Status: Native
Much-branched shrub or small tree. Branches long and drooping, green and grey-velvety when young. Leaves opposite, subsessile, linear-oblong, up to 7 × 2 cm, grey-green, somewhat fleshy to leathery, velvety; margin entire. Flowers in terminal or axillary branched heads, very small, greenish-yellow, with conspicuous glands among the stamens. Fruit subspherical, c. 5 mm diameter, purplish with a whitish bloom when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: australis: southern
Habitat: On alluvial soils, along river banks and in flood plains, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 700 m
Flowering time:May - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 13 July 2019

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 774. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 107.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 267. As Salvadora angustifolia australis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Vickery, A.R. (1983). Salvadoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 380.

Other sources of information about Salvadora australis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvadora australis
Flora of Caprivi: Salvadora australis
Flora of Mozambique: Salvadora australis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Salvadora australis
African Plant Database: Salvadora australis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Salvadora australis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salvadora australis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Salvadora australis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Salvadora australis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvadora australis
JSTOR Plant Science: Salvadora australis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Salvadora australis
Plants of the World Online: Salvadora australis
Tropicos: Salvadora australis
Wikipedia: Salvadora australis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Salvadora australis., retrieved 23 June 2024

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