Chironia gratissima S. Moore

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Chironia gratissima

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Close to Mountain Hut, Chimanimani National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Trailing or scrambling annual or perennial herb up to c. 150 cm tall. Stem 4-ridged, branched. Leaves opposite along the stem, more or less narrowly ovate-triangular, up to 9 × 3 cm, pale yellow-green, conspicuously 3-veined. Flowers in 2-3-flowered cymes, together forming lax terminal panicles, bright mauve, magenta-pink or purple, 3-4 cm in diameter. Anthers yellow, twisted. Fruit a cylindric-ovoid capsule, c. 18 × 5 mm.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In damp soil, along streambanks or among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 1150 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 21 June 2009

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990). Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Page 36.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Chironia gratissima:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Chironia gratissima

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chironia gratissima
African Plant Database: Chironia gratissima
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chironia gratissima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chironia gratissima
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chironia gratissima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chironia gratissima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chironia gratissima
JSTOR Plant Science: Chironia gratissima
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chironia gratissima
Plants of the World Online: Chironia gratissima
Tropicos: Chironia gratissima
Wikipedia: Chironia gratissima

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chironia gratissima., retrieved 29 February 2024

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