Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf

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Tabernaemontana elegans

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Area

Tabernaemontana elegans

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Area

Tabernaemontana elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Ngundu - Triangle rd c. 11 km East of Ngundu.

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Synonyms: Conopharyngia elegans (Stapf) Stapf
Common names: Muchanga (Shona) Toad-tree (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. All parts with milky latex. Bark pale brown, corky, deeply fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic, leathery, glossy dark green, usually hairless on both surfaces with 12-23 lateral veins on each side of the midrib, straight but curving up near the margin. Flowers in lax corymbs; corolla white, creamy or pale yellow, sweetly scented. Fruits in spreading pairs of obliquely ovoid, beaked pods, each up to 8 cm, glaucous or green, covered in pale brown warts.
Derivation of specific name: elegans: elegant
Habitat: In woodland at low altitudes and in riverine situations.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 March 2007

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 115. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 801. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 17 - 20. Conopharyngia elegans (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 439 - 440.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.

Other sources of information about Tabernaemontana elegans:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tabernaemontana elegans
Flora of Mozambique: Tabernaemontana elegans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tabernaemontana elegans
African Plant Database: Tabernaemontana elegans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tabernaemontana elegans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tabernaemontana elegans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tabernaemontana elegans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tabernaemontana elegans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tabernaemontana elegans
JSTOR Plant Science: Tabernaemontana elegans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tabernaemontana elegans
Plants of the World Online: Tabernaemontana elegans
Tropicos: Tabernaemontana elegans
Wikipedia: Tabernaemontana elegans

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tabernaemontana elegans., retrieved 8 December 2023

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