Funtumia africana (Benth.) Stapf

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Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest.

Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Moribane Forest.

Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Picada da dona Candida, Moribane Forest

Funtumia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Picada da dona Candida, Moribane Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Funtumia congolana (De Wild.) jumelle
Funtumia gillettii (De Wild.) jumelle
Funtumia latifolia (Stapf) Stapf
Funtumia scheffleri (K. Schum.) Jumelle
Funtumia zenkeri (K. Schum.) Jumelle
Kickxia africana Benth.
Kickxia congolana De Wild.
Kickxia gillettii De Wild.
Kickxia latifolia Stapf
Kickxia schleffleri K. Schum.
Kickxia zenkeri K. Schum.
Common names: Silk-rubber (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree with sticky milky latex. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, usually 14 × 17 cm long, sometimes larger, leathery, dark green above, paler below, hairless except for hair-tuft domatia in the axils below; lateral veins prominent below; margin entire, often wavy. Flowers in axillary clusters, creamy-white, sweetly scented, c. 1.5 cm in diameter; lobes hairless, overlapping to the right. Fruit in paired, elliptic, flattened follicles, 9-30 cm long, spread at right angles to the stalk, pale brown, splitting along one side. Seeds small with a tuft of silky hairs to aid dispersal by wind.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In the understorey of moist evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec (-Apr)
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 9 June 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 817. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 485 - 487. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 18.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.

Other sources of information about Funtumia africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Funtumia africana
Flora of Mozambique: Funtumia africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Funtumia africana
African Plant Database: Funtumia africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Funtumia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Funtumia africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Funtumia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Funtumia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Funtumia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Funtumia africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Funtumia africana
Plants of the World Online: Funtumia africana
Tropicos: Funtumia africana
Wikipedia: Funtumia africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Funtumia africana., retrieved 22 May 2024

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