Strophanthus nicholsonii Holmes

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Much-branched deciduous scrambling shrub without tendrils. Branchlets densely velvety; latex clear or orange. Leaves obovate to almost round, up to 6 × 4 cm, (dark) green and velvety above, paler yellowish green and shortly hairy below, thinly textured with 4-9 pairs of lateral veins. Flowers fragrant, appearing before or with the leaves, 1-5(-10) per inflorescence. Corolla lobes ending in long, pendulous tails up to 10 cm long. Fruit of 2 diverging follicles, each 17-28 cm long, ending in an obtuse or knob-like apex, dark brown to purple-brown, pubescent when young, covered in elongated lenticels.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1100 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 15 November 2008
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 812. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 171.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 477.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.


Other sources of information about Strophanthus nicholsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Mozambique: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Zambia: Strophanthus nicholsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strophanthus nicholsonii
African Plant Database: Strophanthus nicholsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strophanthus nicholsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strophanthus nicholsonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strophanthus nicholsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strophanthus nicholsonii
iNaturalist: Strophanthus nicholsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strophanthus nicholsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Plants of the World Online: Strophanthus nicholsonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Tropicos: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Wikipedia: Strophanthus nicholsonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strophanthus nicholsonii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145210, retrieved 21 October 2019

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