Cynanchum viminale (L.) L.
subsp. viminale

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Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

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Synonyms: Cynanchum tetrapterum (Turcz.) R.A. Dyer
Euphorbia viminalis L.
Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br. subsp. viminale
Common names: Caustic vine (English) Chifure (Shona) Imvubu (Ndebele) Ingotsha (Ndebele) Ingotshayeganga (Ndebele) Milk rope (English) Runyakadomdo (Shona) Rusungwe (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Succulent vine. Stems and branches mostly prostrate or scrambling over other vegetation, grey-green, producing milky sap when broken. The leaves are reduced to scales. Flowers in spherical umbels, sweetly scented. Fruits carrot-shaped, containing seeds with a pappus of white, silky hairs.
Notes: The plants occurring in shaded woodland or riverine vegetation have a more lush and vigorous growth. The stems are shiny bright green and twining, climbing into the trees. The inflorescences may be more densely flowered.
Derivation of specific name: viminale: from vimen (Lat.) meaning an "osier" or "pliant twig" referring to the weeping habit of the branches.
Habitat: A species mostly of drier scrub and rocky areas but also found as a twining climber in shade in woodland and riverine vegetation
Altitude range: (metres) 590 - 2380 m
Flowering time:Throughout year
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and the Middle East to India, Indochina, Southern China, Indomalaya and Australia. Also on Indian Oceans islands including Mauritius, RĂ©union and the Seychelles.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 10 September 2006
Literature:

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 22. as Sarcostemma viminale

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 49.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. as Sarcostemma viminale

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. as Sarcostemma viminale

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27. as Sarcostemma viminale

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270. as Sarcostemma viminale

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 316 - 317. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 59. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 22. as Sarcostemma viminale

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 26. as Sarcostemma viminale

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 552 - 553. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29. as Sarcostemma viminale

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 5. as Sarcostemma viminale

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 48. as Sarcostemma viminale

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 96 - 97. as Sarcostemma viminale (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Malawi: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Mozambique: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale
Flora of Zambia: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynanchum viminale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynanchum viminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynanchum viminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynanchum viminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynanchum viminale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynanchum viminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynanchum viminale
iNaturalist: Cynanchum viminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynanchum viminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynanchum viminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynanchum viminale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynanchum viminale
Plants of the World Online: Cynanchum viminale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynanchum viminale
Tropicos: Cynanchum viminale
Wikipedia: Cynanchum viminale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cynanchum viminale subsp. viminale.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146060, retrieved 9 July 2020

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