Marsdenia abyssinica (Hochst.) Schltr.

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Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

Marsdenia abyssinica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Edge of garden in property adjacent to Rhodesville Catholic Church, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dregea abyssinica (Hochst.) K. Schum.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Woody scrambler up to several metres with white latex; older wood lenticellate, soft and corky below. Young shoots minutely velvety. Leaves ovate to broadly elliptic, 5–10 cm long, hairless on both surfaces; petiole 1–2.5 cm long, minutely velvety. Inflorescences extra-axillary, with congested, irregularly branched clusters of flowers; peduncles 1–2.5 cm long; pedicels 0.7–1.4 cm long. Sepals broadly ovate to orbicular, 1.5–3 mm long and wide, densely velvety at least towards the base. Flowers sweetly scented with corolla lobes overlapping to the right. Corolla white, cream or green; lobes ovate or oblong, 4–5 mm long, hairless or sparsely pubescent outside, densely pubescent, even bearded towards the apex, margins and throat inside. Fruit in paired or single ovoid follicles occurring singly or in opposite pairs, woody, ovoid, 6–10 cm long, tapering to a pointed apex, covered with many well-developed and extremely convoluted longitudinal wings.
Notes: The occurrence of this species in a suburban garden in Harare is puzzling. There is no evidence that this species is cultivated in Zimbabwe although it is not impossible that it might be grown as a novelty for its strange fruits. It is a rare species in the Central Division with only one record in SRGH (Eyles 2915).
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: Widespread in drier regions of tropical Africa, and the southwestern parts of the Arabian Peninsula.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa from Ghana and Nigeria in the west to Ethiopia and Sudan in the Northeast and southwards to Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 5 May 2013
Literature:

Bullock, A.A. (1956). Notes on African Asclepiadaceae: VIII. Kew Bulletin 11(3) Pages 516 - 517. As Dregia abyssinica

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270. As Dregea abyssinica

Goyder, D., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Apocynaceae (part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 21.


Other sources of information about Marsdenia abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Marsdenia abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Marsdenia abyssinica
African Plant Database: Marsdenia abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Marsdenia abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Marsdenia abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Marsdenia abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Marsdenia abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Marsdenia abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Marsdenia abyssinica
iNaturalist: Marsdenia abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Marsdenia abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Marsdenia abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Marsdenia abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Marsdenia abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Marsdenia abyssinica
Tropicos: Marsdenia abyssinica
Wikipedia: Marsdenia abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Marsdenia abyssinica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=147050, retrieved 28 February 2021

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