Lantana swynnertonii Moldenke

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Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Westaway Cottage

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cacil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Ternate lantana (English)
Status: Native
Shrubby perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, rarely taller. Leaves usually in whorls of three, lanceolate to broadly ovate, 3-7.5 cm long, deep green, more or less concolorous, hispid above; pubescent beneath with bristly hairs on the veins; veins slightly impressed above, raised beneath; margin closely crenate-serrate with 16-24 shallow teeth each side; petiole 5-7 mm long. Inflorescenses up to 2.5 cm in diameter, one per leaf axil on a peduncle 6-14 cm long, usually 1.5-2.5 times longer than the subtending leaf. Bracts ovate, lanceolate or elliptic, 5-10 mm long, becoming shorter above, appressed hairy on both surfaces. Flowers pinkish-mauve to purplish greatly exceeding the bracts. Fruit a drupe 2-3 mm long, bright purple.
Notes: Closely related to the invasive exotic L. camara but far more restricted in distribution. It can be distinguished by much smaller size, absence of hooked thorns and deep mauve-pink and white flower heads.
Derivation of specific name: swynnertonii: named after Charles Francis Massey Swynnerton (1877-1938), well-known naturalist, who first recorded and collected many species of flora and fauna in and around the Chirinda Forest
Habitat: In miombo woodland, riverine scrub, open submontane thicket and along margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 8 September 2013

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 95.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 26 - 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 101, plate 138

Other sources of information about Lantana swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Lantana swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lantana swynnertonii
African Plant Database: Lantana swynnertonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lantana swynnertonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lantana swynnertonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lantana swynnertonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lantana swynnertonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lantana swynnertonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Lantana swynnertonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lantana swynnertonii
Plants of the World Online: Lantana swynnertonii
Tropicos: Lantana swynnertonii
Wikipedia: Lantana swynnertonii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lantana swynnertonii., retrieved 5 March 2024

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