Lantana swynnertonii Moldenke

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Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Westaway Cottage

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cacil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Lantana swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the road from Nyanga to Troutbeck

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Ternate lantana (English)
Status: Native
Shrubby perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, rarely taller. Leaves usually in whorls of three, lanceolate to broadly ovate, 3-7.5 cm long, deep green, more or less concolorous, hispid above; pubescent beneath with bristly hairs on the veins; veins slightly impressed above, raised beneath; margin closely crenate-serrate with 16-24 shallow teeth each side; petiole 5-7 mm long. Inflorescenses up to 2.5 cm in diameter, one per leaf axil on a peduncle 6-14 cm long, usually 1.5-2.5 times longer than the subtending leaf. Bracts ovate, lanceolate or elliptic, 5-10 mm long, becoming shorter above, appressed hairy on both surfaces. Flowers pinkish-mauve to purplish greatly exceeding the bracts. Fruit a drupe 2-3 mm long, bright purple.
Notes: Closely related to the invasive exotic L. camara but far more restricted in distribution. It can be distinguished by much smaller size, absence of hooked thorns and deep mauve-pink and white flower heads.
Derivation of specific name: swynnertonii: named after Charles Francis Massey Swynnerton (1877-1938), well-known naturalist, who first recorded and collected many species of flora and fauna in and around the Chirinda Forest
Habitat: In miombo woodland, riverine scrub, open submontane thicket and along margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 8 September 2013

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 26 - 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 101, plate 138

Other sources of information about Lantana swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Lantana swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lantana swynnertonii
African Plant Database: Lantana swynnertonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lantana swynnertonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lantana swynnertonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lantana swynnertonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lantana swynnertonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lantana swynnertonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lantana swynnertonii
iNaturalist: Lantana swynnertonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lantana swynnertonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Lantana swynnertonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lantana swynnertonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lantana swynnertonii
Plants of the World Online: Lantana swynnertonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Lantana swynnertonii
Tropicos: Lantana swynnertonii
Wikipedia: Lantana swynnertonii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lantana swynnertonii., retrieved 7 July 2020

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