Vitex schliebenii Moldenke

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Vitex schliebenii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road East of Casa Banana, northern boundary Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

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Synonyms: Vitex sp. no. 2 sensu Drummond (1975)
Vitex sp. no. 2 sensu K. Coates Palgrave (1977)
Common names: Large fingerleaf (English)
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or tree. Bark grey to brown; young branchlets 4-angled. Leaves 5-foliolate, lower most leaflets usually much smaller. Leaflets elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, dark green, somewhat scabrid above, densely covered in brownish hairs below; margin entire or toothed in apical half; petiolules short or absent. Flowers in short dense axillary clusters, white with cream to pale yellow. Fruit almost round, 4-6 mm in diameter, fleshy, white to purple-black.
Derivation of specific name: schliebenii: Hans-Joachim Eberhardt Schlieben (1902-1975), German botanist, photographer, and writer who collected in Tanzania and South Africa.
Habitat: Occurring on sandy soils in deciduous woodland and riverine thickets.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 861. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 76 - 77.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57. As Vitex schleibenii

Other sources of information about Vitex schliebenii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vitex schliebenii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex schliebenii
African Plant Database: Vitex schliebenii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex schliebenii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex schliebenii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex schliebenii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vitex schliebenii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex schliebenii
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex schliebenii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex schliebenii
Plants of the World Online: Vitex schliebenii
Tropicos: Vitex schliebenii
Wikipedia: Vitex schliebenii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vitex schliebenii., retrieved 20 May 2024

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