Stachys aethiopica L.

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Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Stachys aethiopica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Stachys serrulata Benth.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling or ascending perennial herb, up to 1 m high, with an unpleasant smell. Stems quadrangular, branching above, densely pubescent with short and long hairs, some glandular. Leaves more or less broadly ovate, 11-65 mm long, usually cordate at the base, almost hairless or densely pubescent like the stems; margin crenate; petiole 1 to 4 cm long. Inflorescence lax with up to 12, 2-6-flowered, widely separated clusters per branch. Calyx 4-7 mm long, extending to 9 mm in fruit; teeth narrowly triangular, 1.5-3.5 mm long, somewhat spiny, straight or recurved. Corolla 10-16 mm long, white or pale pinkish-mauve, usually with purple markings on the lower lip; upper lip 2-6 mm long, densely pubescent outside; lower lip 5-9 mm long, pubescent outside. Nutlets ovoid, 1.5-2 mm long, dark brown, minutely tuberculate.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aethiopica : of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa. This particular taxon does not occur in modern Ethiopia.
Habitat: Along streams, forest edges, clearings and mountain roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 2500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa as far as Western Cape.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 10 October 2011
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 39 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.


Other sources of information about Stachys aethiopica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Stachys aethiopica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stachys aethiopica
African Plant Database: Stachys aethiopica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stachys aethiopica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stachys aethiopica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Stachys aethiopica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Stachys aethiopica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stachys aethiopica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Stachys aethiopica
iNaturalist: Stachys aethiopica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stachys aethiopica
JSTOR Plant Science: Stachys aethiopica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Stachys aethiopica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stachys aethiopica
Plants of the World Online: Stachys aethiopica
Tropicos: Stachys aethiopica
Wikipedia: Stachys aethiopica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Stachys aethiopica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149380, retrieved 20 October 2021

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