Achyrospermum carvalhi Gürke
var. carvalhi

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Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Soft-wooded shrub, up to 3.5 m. Leaves opposite, ovate to elliptic, 8-20 cm long, thinly textured, hairy or velvety, particularly below, apex narrowing into a drip tip; margin shallowly serrate. Flowers in short axillary racemes, usually on the nodes below the new leaves, up to 2 cm long, bright deep, hairy. Fruit consisting of 4 nutlets, hidden by the persistent calyx.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, known only from the Chirinda Forest
In some literature the specific name is given as carvalhi.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 839. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 995. as A. carvalhi

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54. as A. carvalhi

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 34.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 32 - 33.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 294.

Other sources of information about Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi
Flora of Zambia: Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Achyrospermum carvalhi
African Plant Database: Achyrospermum carvalhi
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Achyrospermum carvalhi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Achyrospermum carvalhi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Achyrospermum carvalhi
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Achyrospermum carvalhi
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Achyrospermum carvalhi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Achyrospermum carvalhi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Achyrospermum carvalhi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Achyrospermum carvalhi
Ispot Southern Africa: Achyrospermum carvalhi
JSTOR Plant Science: Achyrospermum carvalhi
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Achyrospermum carvalhi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Achyrospermum carvalhi
The Plant List (version 1.1): Achyrospermum carvalhi
Tropicos: Achyrospermum carvalhi

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Achyrospermum carvalhi var. carvalhi., retrieved 18 June 2019

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