Pycnostachys urticifolia Hook.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (11)

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Above Mermaids Falls, Aberfoyle

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Coleus urticifolius (Hook.) Roberty
Pycnostachys pubescens Gürke
Common names: Bunganyunyu (Shona) Large hedgehog-flower (English) Nyakaonzora (Shona) Prickly salvia (English) Zinyamhunga (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Aromatic perennial herb or shrub, 1-2.5 m. Leaves petiolate; lamina 5-12 × 4-7 cm, narrowly to broadly ovate, ± glabrous to densely pubescent, gland-dotted; apex acute; margin regularly crenate. Inflorescence a spike 7-10 cm. Bracts 4-5 mm, linear to spathulate, ciliate. Calyx sparingly pubescent, reddish-purple; teeth 8-10 mm, becoming sharply spiny after flowering. Corolla 12-20 mm, gentian-blue, rarely whitish.
Derivation of specific name: urticifolia: nettle-leaved
Habitat: In rocky ground and on streambanks or in grassland in the transition zone between vlei and woodland; also sometimes in open miombo woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Apr - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 October 2015

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 191.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 79.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 352 - 353. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 411 - 412.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 320 - 330. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 71.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 105, plate 143

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 472 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 114.

Other sources of information about Pycnostachys urticifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Zambia: Pycnostachys urticifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pycnostachys urticifolia
African Plant Database: Pycnostachys urticifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pycnostachys urticifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pycnostachys urticifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pycnostachys urticifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pycnostachys urticifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Plants of the World Online: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Tropicos: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Wikipedia: Pycnostachys urticifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pycnostachys urticifolia., retrieved 19 April 2024

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use