Haumaniastrum villosum (Benth.) A.J. Paton

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Haumaniastrum villosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique

Haumaniastrum villosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique

Haumaniastrum villosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Mt Pheza, Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acrocephalus cylindraceus Oliv.
Acrocephalus picturatus S. Moore
Acrocephalus verbenaceus Vatke
Acrocephalus villosus Benth.
Haumaniastrum cylindraceum (Oliv.) Cufod.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 1.6 m. Stems erect or ascending, quadrangular, sometimes with adventitious roots at base, pubescent, more densely so above; hairs often bluish. Leaves opposite, elliptic or ovate, up to 12 × 5 cm, sparsely pubescent; veins diverging from midvein; margin subentire or serrate, sometimes rolled under; petioles up to 12 mm long. Upper leaves subtending heads up to 5 cm long, uniformly green or blue or yellow to whitish at base or all over. Flowerheads 5-30 mm long, 5-12 mm in diameter with 6-flowered verticils. Calyx 1-2 mm long, extending up to 5 mm in fruit, sometimes purplish, hairy. Corolla white, pink or blue, 3-7 mm long; tube 2.5-5 mm; upper lip 3-lobed with mid-lobe entire or minutely notched. Nutlets dark brown, 1 mm long.
Notes: The degree of branching in the inflorescence and the colour of the bracts have previously been used to divide this species but these characters are variable throughout most of its distribution.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland and open woodland but also found on disturbed ground, usually in moist areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Burundi, Zaire, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 9 September 2011

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 156 - 157. as Haumanniastrum callianthum (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 184. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 184 - 186. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 112. as Haumaniastrum callianthum

Other sources of information about Haumaniastrum villosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Haumaniastrum villosum
Flora of Malawi: Haumaniastrum villosum
Flora of Mozambique: Haumaniastrum villosum
Flora of Zambia: Haumaniastrum villosum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Haumaniastrum villosum
African Plant Database: Haumaniastrum villosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Haumaniastrum villosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Haumaniastrum villosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Haumaniastrum villosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Haumaniastrum villosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Haumaniastrum villosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Haumaniastrum villosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Haumaniastrum villosum
Plants of the World Online: Haumaniastrum villosum
Tropicos: Haumaniastrum villosum
Wikipedia: Haumaniastrum villosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Haumaniastrum villosum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150190, retrieved 27 February 2024

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