Ocimum centraliafricanum R.E. Fr.

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Synonyms: Becium centraliafricanum (R.E. Fr.) Sebald
Becium homblei (De Wild.) P.A. Duvign. & Plancke
Common names: Copper plant (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, suffrutex or small shrub to 60 cm. Leaves narrowly obovate, glabrous or sparsely hairy, weakly serrate especially near apex. Calyx densely white-tomentose. Corolla almost white to mauve or purple.
Notes: Frequent on the Gt Dyke where it favours copper and nickel-rich soils and from which derives its English name.. However, it also occurs locally in the C Division (Domboshawa and near Ngomakurira) and in the E division (Nyanga area) where it appears to occur on granite.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland and woodland
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 14 June 2006

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84. As Becium homblei

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 120 - 128. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ocimum centraliafricanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Ocimum centraliafricanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ocimum centraliafricanum
African Plant Database: Ocimum centraliafricanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ocimum centraliafricanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ocimum centraliafricanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ocimum centraliafricanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ocimum centraliafricanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ocimum centraliafricanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ocimum centraliafricanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ocimum centraliafricanum
Plants of the World Online: Ocimum centraliafricanum
Tropicos: Ocimum centraliafricanum
Wikipedia: Ocimum centraliafricanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ocimum centraliafricanum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150330, retrieved 22 June 2024

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