Freylinia tropica S. Moore

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Freylinia tropica

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Freylinia tropica

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Freylinia tropica

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

Freylinia tropica

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave area, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Nyanga hedge plant (English) Rutsvanzwiti (Shona) Transvaal honey bell bush (English)
Frequency: Frequent in habitat in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Slender shrub up to 2 m, rarely a small tree. Stems square. Leaves opposite, oblanceolate to narrowly obovate, somewhat leathery, shiny bright green; margin with scattered teeth mainly on the apical half. Flowers in few-flowered axillary clusters, white, mauve or lilac. Fruit an ovoid-ellipsoid capsule, dull yellow to pale brown, tipped by the persistent style.
Derivation of specific name: tropica: of the tropics, tropical
Habitat: In wet places, such as by streams and rivers and also in bush clumps in grassland. Also in secondary bracken scrub, often as a pioneer in cleared areas or fire breaks.
Altitude range: (metres) 1070 - 1910 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb (some all year round)
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Limpopo and Gauteng, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 1 May 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 873. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 20 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Freylinia tropica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Freylinia tropica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Freylinia tropica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Freylinia tropica
African Plant Database: Freylinia tropica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Freylinia tropica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Freylinia tropica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Freylinia tropica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Freylinia tropica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Freylinia tropica
JSTOR Plant Science: Freylinia tropica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Freylinia tropica
Plants of the World Online: Freylinia tropica
Tropicos: Freylinia tropica
Wikipedia: Freylinia tropica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Freylinia tropica., retrieved 29 May 2023

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