Craterostigma lanceolatum (Engl.) Skan

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Craterostigma lanceolatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Trout Research Centre, Lake Gulliver, Nyanga National Park

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Craterostigma nanum var. lanceolatum
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Small perennial herb, usually less than 15 cm tall. Leaves erect, in a basal rosette, lanceolate, sometimes hairless above and pubescent on the veins beneath but regularly pubescent all over; 3-5 veins prominent beneath. Inflorescence up to 12 cm tall, racemose. Flowers white with purple markings or mauve, purple or pink, 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed; lobes obtuse.
Notes: - Key and description in FZ 8-2 (Philcox, 1990) state that the leaves in this species are hairless except for pubescence on the veins beneath. Several of our own records, however, as well as many herbarium specimens show leaves being pubescent all over. This is also the case in the description and drawings in Fischer's revision of Linderniae (1992).
- Flower colour is said to be mostly white with purple markings but different colour forms, such as mauve or pink are not uncommon and sometimes found growing together.
Derivation of specific name: lanceolatum: lanceolate, referring to the leaves
Habitat: In seasonally wet, shallow soil overlying rock.
Altitude range: (metres) 1560 - 2380 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and probably Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 26 February 2014

Hepper, F.N. (1990). Craterostigma Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Craterostigma lanceolatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Mozambique: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Zambia: Craterostigma lanceolatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craterostigma lanceolatum
African Plant Database: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Craterostigma lanceolatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craterostigma lanceolatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craterostigma lanceolatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Craterostigma lanceolatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Craterostigma lanceolatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Craterostigma lanceolatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craterostigma lanceolatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Tropicos: Craterostigma lanceolatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Craterostigma lanceolatum., retrieved 18 July 2019

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