Hygrophila abyssinica (Hochst. ex Nees) T.Anderson

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Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hygrophila prunelloides (S. Moore) Heine
Polyechma abyssinicum Nees
Synnema hygrophiloides Lindau
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Procumbent or ascending annual or short-lived perennial herb, with stems up to 50 cm. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly ovate or elliptic, 1.2 - 6 cm long, hairless or finely velvety; margin entire or with blunt triangular teeth. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming spike-like or branched inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Corolla mauve, blue, purple or rarely white, almost actinomorphic, 5-lobed. Capsule 4-7 mm long, finely velvety, with a few glands near the apex.
Notes: Note: contrary to most other species in the genus, H. abyssinica has almost actinomorphic corollas.
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: Occurring along streamsides and in black vlei soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 6 March 2011
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 18. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 15. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 115 - 117.


Other sources of information about Hygrophila abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Caprivi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Zambia: Hygrophila abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila abyssinica
African Plant Database: Hygrophila abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hygrophila abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hygrophila abyssinica
iNaturalist: Hygrophila abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hygrophila abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila abyssinica
Tropicos: Hygrophila abyssinica
Wikipedia: Hygrophila abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hygrophila abyssinica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153080, retrieved 4 December 2020

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