Hygrophila abyssinica (Hochst. ex Nees) T.Anderson

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Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

Hygrophila abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls, nr Danger Point

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polyechma abyssinicum Nees
Synnema hygrophiloides Lindau
Common names:
Status: Native
Procumbent or ascending annual or short-lived perennial herb, with stems up to 50 cm. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly ovate or elliptic, 1.2 - 6 cm long, hairless or finely velvety; margin entire or with blunt triangular teeth. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming spike-like or branched inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Corolla mauve, blue, purple or rarely white, almost actinomorphic, 5-lobed. Capsule 4-7 mm long, finely velvety, with a few glands near the apex.
Notes: Note: contrary to most other species in the genus, H. abyssinica has almost actinomorphic corollas.
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: Occurring along streamsides and in black vlei soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 6 March 2011

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 15. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 115 - 117.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Caprivi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Zambia: Hygrophila abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila abyssinica
African Plant Database: Hygrophila abyssinica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hygrophila abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hygrophila abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hygrophila abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila abyssinica
Ispot Southern Africa: Hygrophila abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hygrophila abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila abyssinica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hygrophila abyssinica
Tropicos: Hygrophila abyssinica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hygrophila abyssinica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153080, retrieved 18 July 2019

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