Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Acanthaceae - Barleria family

Balkwill, K. & Welman, W.G. (2000) Acanthaceae. In Leistner, O.A. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10 34-45

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6)

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Vollesen, K. (2009) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Vollesen, K. (2013) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5)

Description of the family

Small trees, herbs, shrubs or sometimes climbers. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, usually entire, less often toothed. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Bracts and bracteoles usually present. Calyx 4-5-partite, rarely 2-lipped or with 10-18 teeth (Thunbergia). Corolla gamopetalous, 1-2-lipped or 5-lobed. Stamens 2 or 4, inserted on corolla. Anthers 1- or 2-thecous, with thecae together or one above the other. Ovary superior, 2-locular with (1-)2(-3 or more) ovules in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, often explosively dehiscent.

Comment: This large family with attractive and colourful flowers always catches one's eye in the field. For many years, up-to-date information was hard to come by; however, recently both parts of Flora Zambesiaca have come out and information about the family is now available.

Worldwide: 229 genera and 3450 species, mostly tropical.

Zimbabwe: 37 genera and 179 taxa.

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Acanthopale C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
Acanthus L.Description, Image
Anisotes NeesDescription, Image
Asystasia BlumeDescription, Image
Barleria L.Description, Image
Blepharis Juss.Description, Image
Brachystephanus NeesDescription, Image
Brillantaisia P. Beauv.Description, Image
Chaetacanthus NeesDescription, Image
Crabbea Harv.Description, Image
Crossandra Salisb.Description, Image
Dicliptera Juss.Description, Image
Duosperma DaytonDescription, Image
Dyschoriste NeesDescription, Image
Ecbolium KurzDescription, Image
Elytraria Michx.Description, Image
Hygrophila R.Br.Description, Image
Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Isoglossa Oerst.Description, Image
Justicia L.Description, Image
Lepidagathis Willd.Description, Image
Megalochlamys LindauDescription, Image
Mellera S. MooreDescription, Image
Mimulopsis Schweinf.Description, Image
Nelsonia R. Br.Description, Image
Neuracanthus NeesDescription, Image
Petalidium NeesDescription, Image
Phaulopsis Willd.Description, Image
Pseuderanthemum Radlk.Description, Image
Pseudocalyx Radlk.Description
Rhinacanthus NeesDescription, Image
Ruellia L.Description, Image
Ruelliopsis C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
Ruspolia LindauDescription, Image
Sclerochiton Harv.Description, Image
Strobilanthopsis S. MooreDescription, Image
Thunbergia Retz.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Acanthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acanthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acanthaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acanthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acanthaceae
Wikipedia: Acanthaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Acanthaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=1, retrieved 24 March 2023

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