Hygrophila spiciformis Lindau

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Hygrophila spiciformis

Photo: James Varden
Chavava River, Mana Pools NP

Hygrophila spiciformis

Photo: James Varden
Chavava River, Mana Pools NP

Hygrophila spiciformis

Photo: James Varden
Chavava River, Mana Pools NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, procumbent or somewhat scrambling, sticky glandular perennial herb, aromatic when crushed. Stems up to 1 m long, with stalked glands and flattened glossy hairs. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly elliptic, up to 15 cm long, with scattered hairs above, more or less densely hairy below, particularly along the veins. Flowers in 1-6-flowered clusters, together forming a spike-like inflorescence up to 25 cm long; axes more or less densely hairy, many stalked glands and leaf-like bracts upto 2.5 cm long. Corolla mauve, blue or purple with conspicuous white markings and darker veins, 2-3.5 cm long, 2-lipped; lower lip elliptic with long clavate hairs. Capsule 10-12 mm long, finely velvety and with stalked glands near the apex.
Derivation of specific name: spiciformis: resembling a spike
Habitat: Occurring in wet grassland, riverbeds and riverbanks, swamps and roadside ditches.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Ethiopia Kenya, Uganda Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 10 October 2015

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 114 - 115.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila spiciformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Hygrophila spiciformis
Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila spiciformis
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila spiciformis
Flora of Zambia: Hygrophila spiciformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila spiciformis
African Plant Database: Hygrophila spiciformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila spiciformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila spiciformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila spiciformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hygrophila spiciformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila spiciformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila spiciformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila spiciformis
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila spiciformis
Tropicos: Hygrophila spiciformis
Wikipedia: Hygrophila spiciformis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hygrophila spiciformis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153160, retrieved 21 May 2024

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