Neuracanthus africanus T. Anderson ex S. Moore

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Neuracanthus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

Neuracanthus africanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

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Synonyms: Barleria sacani Klotzsch ex Lindau
Neuracanthus africanus T. Anderson ex S. Moore var. limpopoensis Bidgood & Brummitt
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrubby perennial herb with erect or decumbent stems up to 1.5 m long. Leaves opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, subpandurate, constricted in the lower third of the leaf, hairless or with scattered hairs above, pubescent along the veins below; margin entire, sometimes slightly wavy. Flowers in short spike-like axillary inflorescences, 2-6 cm long, with overlapping bracts, 5-11 mm long, with evenly spaced darker veins and long straight hairs on the margin. Corolla, 9-12 mm long, funnel-shaped, white with purple-blue lines in the throat. Capsule 7-10 mm long.
Notes: Formerly, in Bidgood and Brummitt (1998)'s revision of the genus Neuracanthus, split into two varieties: var. africanus, recorded for the north and west of Zimbabwe and var. limpopoensis in the south; however these have been sunk in FZ 8(6), p. 11.
Derivation of specific name: africanus: African
Habitat: In mopane woodland or scrub on sandy or loamy soil.
Altitude range: (metres) 325 - 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widely separated populations in Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bidgood, S. & Brummitt, R.K. (1998). A revision of the genus Neuracanthus (Acanthaceae) Kew Bulletin 53(1) Pages 31 - 39. (Includes a picture).

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 10 - 11. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. As subsp. africanus and subsp. limpopoensis

Other sources of information about Neuracanthus africanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Neuracanthus africanus
Flora of Mozambique: Neuracanthus africanus
Flora of Zambia: Neuracanthus africanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Neuracanthus africanus
African Plant Database: Neuracanthus africanus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Neuracanthus africanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Neuracanthus africanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Neuracanthus africanus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Neuracanthus africanus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Neuracanthus africanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Neuracanthus africanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Neuracanthus africanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Neuracanthus africanus
Ispot Southern Africa: Neuracanthus africanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Neuracanthus africanus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Neuracanthus africanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Neuracanthus africanus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Neuracanthus africanus
Tropicos: Neuracanthus africanus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Neuracanthus africanus., retrieved 19 June 2019

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