Blepharis glumacea S. Moore

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Synonyms: Blepharis kassneri S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, procumbent or scrambling annual herb. Stems up to 50 cm long, usually with a single band of silky hairs. Leaves linear-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or ovate, 5-14 cm long, more or less roughly hairy, particularly on the midrib below; margin entire, rolled under. Flowers solitary, sessile or on short lateral branchlets up to 7 cm long with reduced leaves at the base. Bracts greenish to straw-coloured with purple bands and blotches, hairless, leathery and glossy, ovate to elliptic, acuminate; margin entire without spines or bristles. Corolla white to cream or pale blue or mauve, 4-29 mm long, often hidden among the bracts; lip oblong-elliptic, narrowing towards the apex, central lobe longest, ciliate or hairy.
Notes: Note: The cone-like inflorescences with leathery, entire bracts make this species easily recognisable.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In miombo woodland, wooded grassland and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1775 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mali, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Vollesen, K. (2000). Blepharis (Acanthaceae). A taxonomic revision. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Pages 190 - 194. (Includes a picture).

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 73.

Other sources of information about Blepharis glumacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Blepharis glumacea
Flora of Zambia: Blepharis glumacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Blepharis glumacea
African Plant Database: Blepharis glumacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Blepharis glumacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Blepharis glumacea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Blepharis glumacea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Blepharis glumacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Blepharis glumacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Blepharis glumacea
iNaturalist: Blepharis glumacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Blepharis glumacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Blepharis glumacea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Blepharis glumacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Blepharis glumacea
Plants of the World Online: Blepharis glumacea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Blepharis glumacea
Tropicos: Blepharis glumacea
Wikipedia: Blepharis glumacea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Blepharis glumacea., retrieved 6 June 2020

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