Justicia odora (Forssk.) Lam.

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Justicia odora

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Justicia odora

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

Justicia odora

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Main Camp to Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adhatoda odora (Forssk.) Nees
Dianthera odora Forssk.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrubby perennial herb, 10-100 cm tall. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, ovate or elliptic, 1-6 cm, largest leaves lower on the plant, green above, paler below, hairless to shortly hairy, particularly on the margin near the petiole, sometimes notched at the apex; margin entire; petiole up to 5 mm long. Flowers singly or in few-flowered clusters in the upper leaf axils. Corolla 2-lipped, yellow, sometimes with reddish veins in the throat; lower lip 3-lobed, up to 11 × 15.5 mm. Capsule up to 15 × 5 mm, pointed, hairless to shortly hairy.
Derivation of specific name: odora: odorous, fragrant
Habitat: In dry wooded grassland, open woodland and scrub, often on stony and sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Arabian Peninsula to Tanzania; Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 7 December 2007

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 195 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Other sources of information about Justicia odora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia odora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia odora
African Plant Database: Justicia odora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia odora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia odora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia odora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia odora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia odora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Justicia odora
iNaturalist: Justicia odora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia odora
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia odora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia odora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia odora
Plants of the World Online: Justicia odora
Tropicos: Justicia odora
Wikipedia: Justicia odora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Justicia odora.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154520, retrieved 10 August 2022

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