Coddia rudis (E. Mey. ex Harv.) Verdc.

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Coddia rudis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenedzi

Coddia rudis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenedzi

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Synonyms: Lachnosiphonium rude (E.Mey. ex Harv.) J.G. Garcia
Randia parvifolia Harv.
Randia rudis (E. Mey. ex Harv.) Verdc.
Xeromphis rudis (E. Mey. ex Harv.) Codd
Common names: Small bone-apple (English)
Status: Native
Unarmed, much-branched shrub to 2.5 m or a tree to 4 m. Leaves small, 0.8-5.5 × 0.3-3.3 cm, elliptic to almost circular, thinly-textured, obtuse or obtusely acuminate at the apex, cuneate and narrowing into the petiole below, shortly pubescent on midrib above with hairy domatia in leaf axils beneath or densely shortly bristly-pubescent on both surfaces; petiole short, ciliate. Calyx tube 1-2 mm long; limb-tube 1-1.5 mm long. Corolla white or cream-coloured, turning dark yellow; tube 5-7 mm long; lobes 4-6 mm long. Fruit 5-7 mm long, ellipsoid to subspherical.
Derivation of specific name: rudis: Latin for a stirring-stick or spatula, referring to the shape of the leaves.
Habitat: Riverine forest and woodland
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1290 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa (Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape) and Eswatini
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 10 March 2021

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 645 - 647. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 965. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1050.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Xeromphis rudis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 622 - 623. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Coddia rudis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Coddia rudis
Flora of Mozambique: Coddia rudis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coddia rudis
African Plant Database: Coddia rudis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coddia rudis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coddia rudis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coddia rudis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Coddia rudis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coddia rudis
JSTOR Plant Science: Coddia rudis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coddia rudis
Plants of the World Online: Coddia rudis
Tropicos: Coddia rudis
Wikipedia: Coddia rudis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coddia rudis., retrieved 15 April 2024

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