Didymosalpinx norae (Swynn.) Keay

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Synonyms: Gardenia abbeokutae Brenan
Gardenia norae Swynn.
Common names: Climbing bells (English) Rutenge (Shona)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree; bark smooth green and grey; branches often somewhat scandent with paired spines. Leaves elliptic, 4.5–14 cm long, olive-green on drying, often shiny; small hairy domatia present; petioles 2–10 mm long; stipules 1–4 mm long, mostly broad with a short point. Flowers solitary in both axils of each node, cream-coloured or white, tinged green, fragrant at night. Corolla tube 4.5–7.5 cm long, 2.8–3.3 cm wide at the throat; lobes broadly ovate-elliptic, 1-2 cm long. Fruit globose or ellipsoid, 2–3.3 cm long, c. 10-ribbed, crowned by the persistent calyx limb, pale green or white with deep green longitudinal lines.
Derivation of specific name: norae: after CFM Swynnerton’s wife Nora Aimee Geraldine née Smyth.
Habitat: In evergreen forest and on forest edges
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 17 March 2007

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 690 - 691. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 961. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1060.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 78. as Gardenia norae

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

Other sources of information about Didymosalpinx norae:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Didymosalpinx norae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Didymosalpinx norae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Didymosalpinx norae
African Plant Database: Didymosalpinx norae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Didymosalpinx norae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Didymosalpinx norae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Didymosalpinx norae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Didymosalpinx norae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Didymosalpinx norae
JSTOR Plant Science: Didymosalpinx norae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Didymosalpinx norae
Plants of the World Online: Didymosalpinx norae
Tropicos: Didymosalpinx norae
Wikipedia: Didymosalpinx norae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Didymosalpinx norae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155430, retrieved 15 June 2024

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