Oxyanthus speciosus DC.
subsp. stenocarpus (K. Schum.) Bridson

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Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Oxyanthus stenocarpus K. Schum.
Common names: Whipstick loquat (English) Whipstick tree (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Evergreen shrub or small tree with horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, elliptic to narrowly ovate, dark green, leathery, lateral veins indented above, glabrous except for tufted domatia. Flowers greenish-white, in dense heads long slender corolla tubes up to 7 cm. Fruit ellipsoid to spindle-shaped, crowned with the persistent calyx lobes, yellow when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: speciosus: showy, good-looking
stenocarpus: with narrow fruit
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1870 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cartaletis libyssa (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 20 August 2006
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 678 - 680.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 248. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 967. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42. As Oxyanthus speciosus gerrardii

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1062.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 102.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22. As Oxyanthus speciosus

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Oxyanthus speciosus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 632 - 633. As Oxyanthus speciosus (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 80. As Oxyanthus gerrardii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 165.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 282 - 283. As Oxyanthus speciosus (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 482.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.


Other sources of information about Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus
Flora of Mozambique: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oxyanthus speciosus
African Plant Database: Oxyanthus speciosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oxyanthus speciosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oxyanthus speciosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oxyanthus speciosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oxyanthus speciosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oxyanthus speciosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oxyanthus speciosus
iNaturalist: Oxyanthus speciosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oxyanthus speciosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Oxyanthus speciosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oxyanthus speciosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oxyanthus speciosus
Plants of the World Online: Oxyanthus speciosus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Oxyanthus speciosus
Tropicos: Oxyanthus speciosus
Wikipedia: Oxyanthus speciosus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Oxyanthus speciosus subsp. stenocarpus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155470, retrieved 3 April 2020

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