Tricalysia pallens Hiern

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Tricalysia pallens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Tricalysia pallens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Tricalysia pallens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Tricalysia pallens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

Tricalysia pallens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tricalysia myrtifolia S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub, rarely a small tree. Leaves opposite, obovate to elliptic, up to 11 × 4 cm, fairly thinly textured, glossy dark green, midrib hairy on both surfaces when young; hairtuft domatia distinct. Flowers in 3 flowered clusters without stalks, white or greenish-cream. Fruit round, 3-6 mm in diameter, crowned with the remains of the calyx, red when ripe.
Notes: This is a rather variable species with fairly distinct forms often confined to specific areas. In Zimbabwe 2 forms, provisionally described in FZ Volume 5-3(2003) as Group E (typical form) and Group E (narrow-leaved form) occur. The typical form, occurs in forest and is known from Chirinda. The complex is in need of further investigation.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In riverine thickets and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: southern Tanzania to Mozambique and eastern Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 24 April 2019

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 494 - 497.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 980. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1069.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 105.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Tricalysia capensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 94.

Robbrecht, E. (1987). The African genus Tricalysia A. Rich. (Rubiaceae) 4. Revision of the species of sectio Tricalysia ans sectio Rosea. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique national de Belgique 57(1/2) Pages 114 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 170.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 501.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Tricalysia pallens:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tricalysia pallens
Flora of Malawi: Tricalysia pallens
Flora of Mozambique: Tricalysia pallens
Flora of Zambia: Tricalysia pallens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tricalysia pallens
African Plant Database: Tricalysia pallens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tricalysia pallens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tricalysia pallens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tricalysia pallens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tricalysia pallens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tricalysia pallens
JSTOR Plant Science: Tricalysia pallens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tricalysia pallens
Plants of the World Online: Tricalysia pallens
Tropicos: Tricalysia pallens
Wikipedia: Tricalysia pallens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tricalysia pallens., retrieved 14 June 2024

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