Vangueria esculenta S. Moore

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Vangueria esculenta

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique.

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Synonyms: var. glabra S. Moore
Common names: Chirinda wild medlar (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic to ovate, thinly textured, covered in short hairs on both surfaces, sometimes almost hairless, fine net-veining distinct. Flowers in small clusters, whitish, yellow or pale green, c. 10 mm in diameter. Fruit in pendulous clusters, subspherical, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, green to yellowish brown when ripe.
Notes: Note: In Zimbabwe it is mainly known from the Chirinda Forest. Records from elsewhere are scattered and rare.
Derivation of specific name: esculenta: edible
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Mpumalanga, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 253 - 254.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 934. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 224.

Other sources of information about Vangueria esculenta:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Vangueria esculenta
Flora of Caprivi: Vangueria esculenta
Flora of Malawi: Vangueria esculenta
Flora of Mozambique: Vangueria esculenta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vangueria esculenta
African Plant Database: Vangueria esculenta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vangueria esculenta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vangueria esculenta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vangueria esculenta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vangueria esculenta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vangueria esculenta
JSTOR Plant Science: Vangueria esculenta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vangueria esculenta
Plants of the World Online: Vangueria esculenta
Tropicos: Vangueria esculenta
Wikipedia: Vangueria esculenta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vangueria esculenta., retrieved 4 March 2024

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