Tapiphyllum velutinum (Hiern) Robyns

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Tapiphyllum velutinum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Tapiphyllum velutinum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Tapiphyllum velutinum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Tapiphyllum velutinum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Tapiphyllum velutinum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Synonyms: Tapiphyllum vestitum Robyns
Common names: Mutandakashama (Shona) Umviyomaqaqa (Ndebele) Velvet-leaf (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark greyish-brown, flaking to reveal orange-red layer beneath. Young branches densely woolly. Leaves oblong to almost round, densely covered in woolly hairs, with conspicuous veining, grey-green, paler below. Flowers in axillary clusters, pale yellowish-green to bright yellow. Fruit spherical crowned by the persistent calyx lobes, densely covered in velvety hairs, yellow-brown when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: velutinum: velvety.
Habitat: In open woodland often among rocks
Altitude range: (metres) 850 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 22 February 2013

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 262 - 263.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 938. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 82. As Vangueria velutina

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 169.

Other sources of information about Tapiphyllum velutinum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Flora of Mozambique: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Flora of Zambia: Tapiphyllum velutinum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tapiphyllum velutinum
African Plant Database: Tapiphyllum velutinum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tapiphyllum velutinum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tapiphyllum velutinum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tapiphyllum velutinum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tapiphyllum velutinum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tapiphyllum velutinum
JSTOR Plant Science: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Plants of the World Online: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Tropicos: Tapiphyllum velutinum
Wikipedia: Tapiphyllum velutinum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tapiphyllum velutinum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155780, retrieved 5 October 2023

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