Rytigynia macrura Verdc.

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Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Rytigynia macrura

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba Mts.

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Synonyms: Rytigynia sp.no.1 sensu R.B. Drumm.
Common names: Large-fruit coffee-medlar (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree with branches and branchlets typically spreading horizontally. Leaves opposite, held in a horizontal plane; elliptic to narrowly ovate with a distinct drip-tip. Both surfaces thinly covered in short hairs. Flowers solitary, pubescent, corolla lobes with long green "tails", which are already visible when still in bud. The style is distinctly exserted. Fruits yellowish to pale green, spherical when fresh, turning 2-lobed when dry.
Notes: It is listed at Lower Risk, near threatened but seems to be better protected and more common at higher altitudes than at lower levels.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1050 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Page 297.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 252.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 945. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1082.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 104.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. as Rytigynia sp. no. 1

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 176.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 92.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 169.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 496 - 498. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Rytigynia macrura:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rytigynia macrura
Flora of Mozambique: Rytigynia macrura
Flora of Zambia: Rytigynia macrura

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rytigynia macrura
African Plant Database: Rytigynia macrura
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rytigynia macrura
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rytigynia macrura
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rytigynia macrura
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rytigynia macrura
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rytigynia macrura
JSTOR Plant Science: Rytigynia macrura
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rytigynia macrura
Plants of the World Online: Rytigynia macrura
Tropicos: Rytigynia macrura
Wikipedia: Rytigynia macrura

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rytigynia macrura.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155790, retrieved 19 May 2024

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