Afrocanthium mundianum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Lantz

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Synonyms: Canthium mundianum Cham. & Schldtl.
Plectronia mundiana (Cham. & Schltdl.) Pappe
Plectronia mundii Sim
Common names: Mugaranjerenje (Shona) Mugaranjerere (Shona) Rock-alder (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves often at apex of lateral and main branches, or with several pairs on current season’s growth, not always fully mature at time of flowering, elliptic to round, 2–7.5 cm long, hairless or sometimes sparsely pubescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 4–5 main pairs; hair-tuft domatia usually present; petioles 2–10 mm long, hairless or sparsely pubescent; stipules triangular at base, subulate above, 2–6 mm long. Flowers 5-merous, in 3–20-flowered inflorescences along the length of mature stems or restricted to the apex; peduncles 2–12 mm long, more or less pubescent pubescent; pedicels up to 3 mm long. Corolla greenish-white or yellowish; tube 1–2 mm long, pubescent at throat; lobes triangular-ovate to ovate, 2–3 mm long, thickened at apex, often finely velvety at the margin. Fruit more or less square in lateral view, 9–11 mm in diameter, deeply indented at apex.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along margins of forest or in thickets, often near streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 1060 - 1980 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe Botswana? and Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape, Eastern Cape South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 321 - 323. as Canthium mundianum

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 921. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1091. as Canthium mundianum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 99. as Canthium mundianum

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. As Canthium mundianum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71. as Canthium mundianum

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 620 - 621. as Canthium mundianum (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 96. as Canthium mundianum

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 278 - 279. as Canthium mundianum (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 326 - 327. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Afrocanthium mundianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Afrocanthium mundianum
Flora of Mozambique: Afrocanthium mundianum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Afrocanthium mundianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Afrocanthium mundianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Afrocanthium mundianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Afrocanthium mundianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Afrocanthium mundianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Afrocanthium mundianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Afrocanthium mundianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Afrocanthium mundianum
Plants of the World Online: Afrocanthium mundianum
Tropicos: Afrocanthium mundianum
Wikipedia: Afrocanthium mundianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Afrocanthium mundianum., retrieved 1 March 2024

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