Coffea racemosa Lour.

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Coffea racemosa

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Mpudzi River Bridge, c. 25 miles South of Mutare

Coffea racemosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

Coffea racemosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Jamanda Wilderness Area, Mahenye

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Synonyms: Coffea mozambicana DC.
Coffea swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names: Inhambane coffee (English) Mozambique coffee (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub, up to 3.5 m. Leaves clustered on short lateral spurs or spaced out on the branches, elliptic; midrib prominent on both surfaces; domatia usually present; margin entire but wavy. Flowers singly or in few-flowered clusters along the branches, white to pinkish, appearing before the leaves, c. 2 cm in diameter, sweetly scented. Corolla with 6-12 spreading lobes. Fruit near-spherical, purple to black when ripe.
Notes: This species was cultivated and used as coffee by early settlers in Mozambique
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In hot, dry woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 28 December 2015

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 460 - 463. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 973. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Coffea racemosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Coffea racemosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coffea racemosa
African Plant Database: Coffea racemosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coffea racemosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coffea racemosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coffea racemosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Coffea racemosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coffea racemosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Coffea racemosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coffea racemosa
Plants of the World Online: Coffea racemosa
Tropicos: Coffea racemosa
Wikipedia: Coffea racemosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coffea racemosa., retrieved 21 May 2024

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