Coffea salvatrix Swynn. & Philipson

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Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Coffea zanguebariae sensu Coates Palgrave (1983) non Lour.
Common names: Large-leaved wild coffee (English) Mukofi (English) Wild coffee (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree 2–5 m tall; young branches covered with shiny red bark, older branches buff and sometimes dark-spotted, often with transverse cracks. Leaves elliptic to broadly elliptic, 6–12.5 cm long, thinly textured to somewhat leathery, somewhat glossy above; main lateral veins 6–8 pairs, veining raised on both surfaces; domatia more or less sparsely pubescent; petiole up to 1 cm long; stipules triangular, 2–3 mm long, with an apical arista up to 1 mm long. Flowers 5-merous, white, in 1–7-flowered axillary clusters, often with a sticky coating. Corolla tube 6–10 mm long, 4 mm wide at throat; lobes oblong, rounded, 10–11 mm long. Fruit greenish with rose-coloured striations, becoming black when mature, 7–9 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Understorey of mixed evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and possibly southern Tanzania.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 December 2012
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 455 - 457. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 974. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1109.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.


Other sources of information about Coffea salvatrix:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Coffea salvatrix
Flora of Mozambique: Coffea salvatrix

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coffea salvatrix
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coffea salvatrix
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coffea salvatrix
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Coffea salvatrix
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Coffea salvatrix
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coffea salvatrix
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Coffea salvatrix
iNaturalist: Coffea salvatrix
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coffea salvatrix
JSTOR Plant Science: Coffea salvatrix
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Coffea salvatrix
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coffea salvatrix
Plants of the World Online: Coffea salvatrix
The Plant List (version 1.1): Coffea salvatrix
Tropicos: Coffea salvatrix
Wikipedia: Coffea salvatrix


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coffea salvatrix.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156220, retrieved 19 September 2020

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