Coffea salvatrix Swynn. & Philipson

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Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

Coffea salvatrix

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalets, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Coffea zanguebariae sensu Coates Palgrave (1983) non Lour.
Common names: Large-leaved wild coffee (English) Mukofi (English) Wild coffee (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree 2–5 m tall; young branches covered with shiny red bark, older branches buff and sometimes dark-spotted, often with transverse cracks. Leaves elliptic to broadly elliptic, 6–12.5 cm long, thinly textured to somewhat leathery, somewhat glossy above; main lateral veins 6–8 pairs, veining raised on both surfaces; domatia more or less sparsely pubescent; petiole up to 1 cm long; stipules triangular, 2–3 mm long, with an apical arista up to 1 mm long. Flowers 5-merous, white, in 1–7-flowered axillary clusters, often with a sticky coating. Corolla tube 6–10 mm long, 4 mm wide at throat; lobes oblong, rounded, 10–11 mm long. Fruit greenish with rose-coloured striations, becoming black when mature, 7–9 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Understorey of mixed evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and possibly southern Tanzania.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 December 2012
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 455 - 457. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 974. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1109.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.


Other sources of information about Coffea salvatrix:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Coffea salvatrix
Flora of Mozambique: Coffea salvatrix

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coffea salvatrix
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coffea salvatrix
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coffea salvatrix
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Coffea salvatrix
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Coffea salvatrix
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coffea salvatrix
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Coffea salvatrix
iNaturalist: Coffea salvatrix
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coffea salvatrix
JSTOR Plant Science: Coffea salvatrix
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Coffea salvatrix
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coffea salvatrix
Plants of the World Online: Coffea salvatrix
The Plant List (version 1.1): Coffea salvatrix
Tropicos: Coffea salvatrix
Wikipedia: Coffea salvatrix


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coffea salvatrix.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156220, retrieved 11 December 2019

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