Psychotria zombamontana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit

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Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Garden, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Garden, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grumilea kirkii Hiern
Psychotria goetzei (K. Schum.) E.M.A. Petit var. meridiana Petit
Psychotria meridiano-montana Petit
Uragoga zombamontana Kuntze
Common names: Mudzurungu (Shona) Red bird-berry (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite, oblanceolate, obovate to elliptic, up to 15 cm long, hairless with more or less parallel lateral veins slightly sunken above; domatia absent; margin entire. Flowers in lax, branched axillary inflorescences, small, white to pale creamy-yellow. Fruit round, slightly ribbed, c. 6 mm long, yellow to orange-red when ripe. See P. mahonii for differences. This is one of the main pioneer species in the understorey of secondary montane forest.
Notes: See Psychotria mahonii for differences.
Derivation of specific name: zombamontana: of Zomba Mountain in southern Malawi, where the type was found
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest and along forest margins. It is one of the main pioneer species of secondary montane forest and may be abundantly common in the understorey.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2500 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania southwards to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Temnora marginata (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 251.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 904. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 46.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 1128 - 1129.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 104.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 91.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 644 - 645. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 98.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 116.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 79. As Grumilea kirkii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 167.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 75.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 284 - 285. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 16 - 17.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 492.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Psychotria zombamontana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Malawi: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Mozambique: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Zambia: Psychotria zombamontana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria zombamontana
African Plant Database: Psychotria zombamontana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria zombamontana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria zombamontana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria zombamontana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Psychotria zombamontana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria zombamontana
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria zombamontana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria zombamontana
Plants of the World Online: Psychotria zombamontana
Tropicos: Psychotria zombamontana
Wikipedia: Psychotria zombamontana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Psychotria zombamontana., retrieved 18 June 2024

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