Psychotria zombamontana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit

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Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Garden, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Garden, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Psychotria zombamontana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Grumilea kirkii Hiern
Common names: Mudzurungu (Shona) Red bird-berry (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite, oblanceolate, obovate to elliptic, up to 15 cm long, hairless with more or less parallel lateral veins slightly sunken above; domatia absent; margin entire. Flowers in lax, branched axillary inflorescences, small, white to pale creamy-yellow. Fruit round, slightly ribbed, c. 6 mm long, yellow to orange-red when ripe. See P. mahonii for differences. This is one of the main pioneer species in the understorey of secondary montane forest.
Notes: See Psychotria mahonii for differences.
Derivation of specific name: zombamontana: of Zomba Mountain in southern Malawi, where the type was found
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest and along forest margins. It is one of the main pioneer species of secondary montane forest and may be abundantly common in the understorey.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2500 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania southwards to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Temnora marginata (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 251.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 98.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 79. As Grumilea kirkii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 167.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 16 - 17.

Other sources of information about Psychotria zombamontana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Malawi: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Mozambique: Psychotria zombamontana
Flora of Zambia: Psychotria zombamontana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria zombamontana
African Plant Database: Psychotria zombamontana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Psychotria zombamontana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria zombamontana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria zombamontana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Psychotria zombamontana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Psychotria zombamontana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria zombamontana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Psychotria zombamontana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria zombamontana
Ispot Southern Africa: Psychotria zombamontana
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria zombamontana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Psychotria zombamontana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria zombamontana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Psychotria zombamontana
Tropicos: Psychotria zombamontana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Psychotria zombamontana., retrieved 20 March 2018

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