Galium thunbergianum Eckl. & Zeyh.
var. thunbergianum

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Synonyms: Galium natalense Rouy
Galium rotundifolium var. normale Kunth
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing from an extensive rhizome. Stems mostly creeping or climbing, sometimes suberect, up to c. 50 cm long, mostly hairless (in this variety). Leaves in whorls of 4, elliptic to ovate, up to 22 × 10 mm, 3-veined; apex acute or with a short hyaline point; margin entire. Inflorescence broadly pyramidal or cylindric, many-flowered. Flowers 1.5-3 mm in diameter, greenish-white to yellowish. Fruit densely covered in white tuberculate hooked hairs.
Notes: See var. hirsutum (Sond.) Verdc. for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: thunbergianum: named after Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828)
Habitat: In damp shady places at forest edges or along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 1850 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, western Kenya, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Lesotho and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Page 196.

Other sources of information about Galium thunbergianum var. thunbergianum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Galium thunbergianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Galium thunbergianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Galium thunbergianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Galium thunbergianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Galium thunbergianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Galium thunbergianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Galium thunbergianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Galium thunbergianum
Plants of the World Online: Galium thunbergianum
Tropicos: Galium thunbergianum
Wikipedia: Galium thunbergianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Galium thunbergianum var. thunbergianum., retrieved 29 May 2024

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