Galium thunbergianum Eckl. & Zeyh.
var. hirsutum (Sond.) Verdc.

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Galium thunbergianum var. hirsutum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Silver Mist cottage, near Troutbeck

Galium thunbergianum var. hirsutum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Silver Mist cottage, near Troutbeck

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Galium biafrae Hiern
Galium dasycarpum Schweinf.
Galium rotundifolium var. hirsutum Sond.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, growing from an extensive rhizome. Stems mostly creeping or climbing, sometimes suberect, up to c. 50 cm long, most parts more or less densely covered with spreading whit hairs(in this variety). Leaves in whorls of 4, elliptic to ovate, up to 22 × 10 mm, 3-veined; apex acute or with a short hyaline point; margin entire. Inflorescence broadly pyramidal or cylindric, many-flowered. Flowers 1.5-3 mm in diameter, greenish-white to yellowish. Fruit densely covered in white tuberculate hooked hairs.
Notes: This variety differs from var. thunbergianum in stems, leaves, peduncles and pedicels being more or less densely covered with short white hairs.
Derivation of specific name: thunbergianum: named after Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828);
hirsutum: with spreading hairs, hirsute.
Habitat: In damp, shady places along forest edges.
Altitude range: (metres) 1850 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Disjunctly distributed in afromontane areas throughout tropical Africa and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 23 July 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 242.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 196 - 198.


Other sources of information about Galium thunbergianum var. hirsutum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Galium thunbergianum var. hirsutum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Galium thunbergianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Galium thunbergianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Galium thunbergianum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Galium thunbergianum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Galium thunbergianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Galium thunbergianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Galium thunbergianum
iNaturalist: Galium thunbergianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Galium thunbergianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Galium thunbergianum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Galium thunbergianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Galium thunbergianum
Plants of the World Online: Galium thunbergianum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Galium thunbergianum
Tropicos: Galium thunbergianum
Wikipedia: Galium thunbergianum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Galium thunbergianum var. hirsutum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156890, retrieved 16 November 2019

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